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Router vs. Mesh Networking: What's best for your home Wi-Fi network?

Netgear Nighthawk Mk83 Review Comparison
Netgear Nighthawk Mk83 Review Comparison (Image credit: Samuel Contreras / Android Central)

It's easy to understand why mesh Wi-Fi has become so popular, with more and more of our daily lives relying on the internet connection at home. Mesh systems allow you to seamlessly blanket even a large home with WI-Fi coverage, and setup is easier than ever with preconfigured systems that get the hard work out of the way before you even open the box. For most systems, you only need a smartphone with an app to get going. The only catch is the price. Mesh systems can be quite pricey, and really, many of us don't need them.

While mesh systems have gotten fast enough to keep up with even gigabit internet connections, standard routers have also gotten better, and some of them have even incorporated mesh capabilities into the software. Many people will get plenty of coverage even without those mesh abilities by upgrading to one of the best Wi-Fi 6 routers rather than moving to a mesh. Faster speeds and improved range are more than buzzwords when it comes to buying the latest Wi-Fi router, and you'll often find advanced tools that a simplified mesh system offers.

That leads to the obvious question — should you upgrade your home network to a mesh system? Like most things, the answer isn't a simple yes or no. However, there are a couple of things you should consider before dusting off your credit card.

Router vs. Mesh Networking: Do you need to upgrade your Wi-Fi network?

Netgear Nighthawk RAX120

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This is the first thing you should ask yourself. Ideally, a Wi-Fi network is something you should set up once and never have to think about it until it's time to replace it. When properly planned, a Wi-Fi router or mesh client device should run unattended for several years — at least until it's time to upgrade to a newer wireless standard for increased speeds and bandwidth.

Ideally, a Wi-Fi network is something you should set up once and then never have to think about it until it's time to replace it.

Of course, that's often not the case, and many of us know our router needs that weekly reboot or things start misbehaving. Even worse, maybe you aren't particularly savvy regarding network issues or gear or having to call your internet service provider for help. Waiting for a technician to arrive sometime between 8 a.m. and 5 p.m. is never fun. And neither is paying a monthly rental fee for the privilege of using your ISP's out-of-data tech.

Wi-Fi 6 is the newest wireless networking technology to work its way onto the front of router boxes, and for many people, it's a great option. Also called 802.11ax, Wi-Fi 6 is the follow-up to 802.11ac, and it brings with it some speed and coverage improvements. Adopting this new tech was a bit slow to start, but most new phones and computers to come out in the past year have come with Wi-Fi 6. Wi-Fi 6 is also backward compatible, so if you're ready for a new router, your older Wi-Fi devices will work like a charm.

Wi-Fi 6E routers, like the incredible Nighthawk RAXE500 are also now available from several manufacturers. This derivative of Wi-Fi 6 adds support for 6GHz Wi-Fi bands though power levels haven't been fully unlocked, so coverage isn't as good as 5GHz for the time being. The 6GHz space, however, does have much more open space than you can find at 5GHz and even allows for up to seven 160MHz channels. While 160MHz is available at 5GHz, it's much more limited, leading most people to stick with 80MHz even with supported equipment. Still, a router with 160MHz is another way to get a little more speed from your network.

Router vs. Mesh Networking: Are you just trying to fix a dead spot?

This is a pretty common issue. For example, you have great Wi-Fi in the kitchen or living room, but the connection quality drops when you go downstairs or into the bedroom. If everything is working well in parts of your home that are close to the router or that aren't blocked by things not Wi-Fi friendly — the walls of your bathroom are notorious Wi-Fi signal blockers because of the special drywall used and all the copper pipes inside them — you could be the perfect candidate for a wireless extender instead of setting up a whole new network.

A Wi-Fi Extender is a cheap way to fix a single dead spot in your Wi-Fi coverage, but there are drawbacks.

Wireless extenders do precisely what their name implies — they take your existing Wi-Fi signal and repeat the signal to extend its range. Usually very easy to set up using a network cable or an online settings page, Wi-Fi Extenders are also compact and only need a power connection. One thing to be aware of is that you usually can't connect a consumer-grade Wi-Fi extender to an existing extender, so daisy-chaining them to reach your garage or the neighbor's house isn't very practical.

Most extenders will have a new network name (an SSID) to use when connecting to the extender instead of the router itself. This can be a bit of a pain if you move in and out of a room that needs an extender very often. Quality Wi-Fi Extenders run between $30 and $150 depending on the network type, so if you need multiple fast 802.11ac extenders, it might be more practical to set up a mesh network.

Another quirk of using a network extender is that they often cut the available bandwidth in half. This means your Wi-Fi network can only run at 50% speed whenever you're connected through the extender (not your internet speeds, which are usually much slower than your actual Wi-Fi network). This is due to these extenders being dual-band and needing to share the 5GHz band between the source and your decies. While you might never notice it, it still will affect you whenever you're trying to send or receive a lot of information, like watching an HD movie or transferring large files from one device to another. Tri-band extenders avoid this issue but cost quite a bit more.

These drawbacks aside, a simple Wi-Fi Extender is a quick and cheap way to fix a single dead spot and a great idea if the rest of your Wi-Fi network is working well.

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The best of both worlds

It's also worth mentioning that some mesh extenders will use the same Wi-Fi name as the main router with improved access point switching. TP-Link's OneMesh, for example, works as a mesh. You will need to make sure your router is compatible, or they will just act as normal extenders.

Some routers can even be configured into a mesh with software. This is the case with the AiMesh on Asus routers and Velop on Linksys routers'. While these routers won't be configured as a mesh out of the box, setup is pretty simple once you get into your router's browser interface. This is an excellent option for someone who wants as much flexibility as possible and is comfortable piecing together a practical set of routers but lacks the simplicity and elegance of a boxed mesh setup.

Router vs. Mesh Networking: When to choose a mesh network

Netgear Orbi AX6000 with satellite

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If you've decided you need to get rid of the gear, you have and set up a new network or are setting things up in a new place, the choice between a mesh network and a traditional linear router-based network comes down to one thing — money.

A standard Wi-Fi router will still work for many homes and, in general, will be cheaper than a mesh system with comparable speeds. One of the biggest contributors to a mesh system's higher price is simply that they have multiple routers. Mesh systems tend to be delivered more as a service with automatic software updates, monitoring, and even add-on security services like TP-Link HomeCare or Netgear Armor.

If you need anything more robust than a simple router solution, mesh networking makes a lot of sense.

Mesh systems have been growing in popularity, and manufacturers have been quick to add more options. Wi-Fi 6 mesh systems with incredible speeds are now widely available. Whether you want to start with a mesh router under $100 like an eero or go all-in on crazy Wi-Fi 6E speeds with a router like the Linksys Atlas Max 6E, there are a ton of mesh options available.

I would only hesitate to use a wireless mesh network in favor of a linear router-based setup if you have equipment that requires a physical wired network connection. Even then, a simple switch could be added to a mesh network. If you have those sorts of networking needs, you're probably not looking for basic networking advice, and you understand exactly what we're talking about here.

What about gaming on a mesh?

If you're a competitive gamer, you should stay as far away from Wi-fi as possible generally. Modern routers are faster and more reliable than ever, but they still won't beat the latency and consistency possible with a simple Ethernet cable. On the other hand, buying a long Ethernet cable is reasonably cheap if you're willing to run it. Certainly cheaper than buying a new router.

When it comes to a gaming connection, you should try to minimize the number of hops your connection has to make. That means that if you can hook straight into your router or the mesh router that's hooked directly to your modem, you should. No matter how great the wireless cards are in your gaming PC or console, a physical wire is better. Something as simple as a microwave oven turning on between your console and router can cause a lag spike when you're connected via Wi-Fi.

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Router vs. Mesh Networking: For the rest of us, mesh Wi-Fi is exactly what we're looking for

Two of the most significant drawbacks to wireless mesh networking are no longer an issue when using a consumer mesh setup like Nest Wifi — needing an advanced networking education to set things up and maintain them and a pocket full of money.

Consumer mesh products tackle the biggest problems with home networking — administration and cost.

A wireless mesh network is designed to handle high traffic volumes in a big area with no downtime due to equipment failures. You'll find the right set of products to work in your home for about $250, and most brands use a simple Android or iOS app to set things up. New nodes are easy to add using the same app, and all traffic shaping and route handling are automatic, so you'll have no need for QoS scheduling when you want to play Call of Duty without lag or when you want to work while the kids are watching Netflix.

Mesh routers are small, don't look like leftover robot parts, and everything you need to connect to your modem is in the package. And anytime you need to expand your network, adding a station only makes the rest of the network better by offering another node to handle traffic from all points.

The easy administration and relatively low cost make adding a mesh network to your home (or place of business, where it can be even more important) something any of us can do. So whether you're upgrading your existing equipment or building a network in your new house, there are very few reasons not to make the switch.

When Samuel is not writing about networking or 5G at Android Central, he spends most of his time researching computer components and obsessing over what CPU goes into the ultimate Windows 98 computer. It's the Pentium 3.

13 Comments
  • One of the only good things about living in what most people would call a cottage is the wifi signal is great all over the house with just a router.
  • "802.11 ad" should be "802.11ax" or WIFI 6
  • Maybe you should rethink the title. You will need a router whether you have it included with an Access Point or a Mesh Network. That certainly isn't an either or proposition. You might use WiFi-Router though that isn't especially accurate a term either, though ubiquitous.
  • In my opinion it comes down to range. Most good routers will state the range they can get. That will be a best case scenario so maybe take like 20% off that number. A single box is the easiest thing to setup and you usually get at least 4 LAN ports. If you need more range then get a MESH system (I would not use a Google system but that's just me. That ad company already collects more data than they should).
  • no review of Amplifi?
  • .one two repost
  • Year later and still haven't figured out router and mesh networking aren't competitive. Access Point and Mesh Networking would be the options. Both those require routers to be of use in networking.
  • Mesh networking is a nice way to get horrible latency and speed. Nothing beats Ethernet.
  • Great article but you don't address what many of use ar facing with multiple people working at home having work equipment and personal equipment, then all the many smart home, and game systems, phones tablets connected to a single network. Which system is best to handle many i.e. 40+ connections. From what I've research it looks like Mesh does better but it's not totally clear to me. I'm sort of leaning to a pc set up as my router with a switch for ethernet connections and mesh network just for wifi for ultimate solution but I'm hoping that a good mesh system and switch would be good enough.
  • Amplifi HD and you don't need this whole conversation
  • Moved to Mesh at the beginning of the year, not going back ever. I have now blasting AC connections almost everywhere.
  • I just went though the whole gamut of buying/returning a bunch of hardware. Needed coverage for 3600sq feet. One router really doesn't cut it from a speed standpoint. 70+ clients. Won't waste my time going over all the failures except for one, because it annoys me so many reviewers rave on it. That Orbi is complete utter garbage. $700 and forces QoS without any ability to disable. It's like a Crapple product. Looks fancy, overpriced, and while the performance is solid it lacks basic features. Crippled my NAS thanks to QoS. Anyways, moving on. After buying/returning who knows how many set-ups I got a killer mesh setup. Dual ASUS RT-AX88U. Costs about $650 for two of them but speed, stability, and range is great. Ethernet backhaul nice plus as that's how I have it set up to Mesh! Highly recommended if you need coverage, speed, and features.
  • I have one router in the living room and it works fine, but then I only use the 2.4Ghz part as it is more reliable. But then I tend to use Ethernet if I can.