The more things change, the more they stay the same. That adage is particularly true in 2020, and we've all had to come up with ways to restore some modicum of normalcy while we're stuck at home for the foreseeable future. I've discovered the joys of cooking; with takeout not an option, my wife and I had to learn how to make our favorite dishes at home. We tried our hand at making pizzas from scratch over the weekend (to relative success), and eating them while watching Formula 1 it felt like things were back to normal.
It's important to find these pockets of normalcy; the way things used to be in the Before Times. That's my key takeaway with Android 11 — there are lots of new features here, but at its core, Android 11 feels immediately familiar. Google didn't make too many surface-level visual changes that stand out, so the overall experience of using Android 11 is on par with Android 10.
It's this familiarity that makes Android 11 so great. Make no mistake, the latest version of Android has a lot to offer. It comes with welcome changes to notification management that puts conversations at the top, a smart power button menu, chat bubbles, big changes to privacy, seamless security updates, and better media controls. And yes, there is a built-in screen recorder.
But by packaging those features into an interface that's largely unchanged, Google is removing any friction for users making the switch to Android 11. Android powers over 2.5 billion phones around the world — including a lot of budget phones — and with interfaces that include the likes of One UI, MIUI, OxygenOS, and ColorOS, Android is as diverse as it is powerful.
Google's role, therefore, is not making wholesale changes to the interface, but introducing meaningful new features that can easily be integrated into devices from Samsung, Xiaomi, OPPO, OnePlus, and others with the least amount of hassle. I've been using Android 11 from the first preview that rolled out all the way back in March, and here's what you need to know about the latest version of Android.
Bottom line: Android 11 is packed with useful features that drive Google's mobile vision forward. Conversations-focused notifications along with chat bubbles make Android 11 a great platform for messaging, there are big changes with regards to privacy and security, and Google is making it easier to roll out security updates.
- Conversation-focused notification management
- Chat bubbles
- Power button is much more useful
- One-time permissions
- Native screen recorder
- Seamless security updates
- Multitasking window doesn't have the app drawer
- Suggested Apps feature isn't very useful
Android 11 puts conversations front and center
Google made a lot of positive changes related to notification management in recent years, and the Conversations category in Android 11 is an extension of those efforts. With Android 11, all of your one-on-one chats and group texts are categorized into a dedicated Conversations section that sits at the top of the notification list, ensuring you don't miss an important message.
Conversations-focused notification management makes Android 11 the best platform for messaging.
With all incoming conversations now in a distinct category, Android 11 puts messaging front and center. Regardless of what messaging platform you use, any incoming text is prominently highlighted at the top of your notification list, and while the change doesn't seem like a drastic one, it makes a lot of difference in day-to-day use.
I get hundreds of notifications a day, and it's easier to have all conversations bundled in a separate section altogether — this is one of those features that you have to use for a while to truly appreciate how good it is. You get inline replies and the option to change the priority level at a per-contact basis, giving you fine-tuned control over just who shows up in the Conversations category.
If you don't want notifications from a particular app to show up at all in the Conversations window, you can do that as well. As with everything else to do with Android, you get granular control over notification management.
With this change, Google is removing the messaging platform from the equation. Whether you're getting a message over WhatsApp, Telegram, Signal, Facebook Messenger, or a regular SMS, all conversations are highlighted at the top, and the focus is on the people sending the text, not the app that's delivering the message.
Google's own messaging strategy is still convoluted, but at least when it comes to collating messages from other services, the Conversations category is a big step forward.
This people-centric change comes at a particularly poignant time. With all of us relying on our phones to stay connected to friends and family during this pandemic, the Conversations view ensures you never miss a message from a loved one.
Android 11 brings Messenger-style chat bubbles
In addition to the Conversations view, Android 11 gets a chat bubbles feature that lets you extend the conversation without having to close the app you're currently using. This particular feature is similar to what Facebook Messenger has been doing for several years, but the point to note here is that it works with any messaging service — as long as it uses the new Bubbles API.
If you have an ongoing conversation on WhatsApp, you can turn that notification into a chat bubble that floats anywhere on the screen. The chat bubble acts as a shortcut to get back into the conversation without having to exit the app you're in, and it makes things that much more convenient.
Like Messenger, you can drag chat bubbles in Android 11 to any part of the screen, and you have a lot of customization options when it comes to selecting what conversations automatically convert into a bubble. Not all messaging apps work with chat bubbles at this moment, but that should change in the coming weeks.
Android 11 gets a native screen recorder
Xiaomi added a screen recorder to MIUI in 2017, OPPO introduced the feature with ColorOS 5.0, Samsung added it to One UI 2.0, and OnePlus built the feature into OxygenOS 9.5 last year. With Android 11, Google is finally baking the feature natively into the OS.
Screen recording in Android 11 is similar to what you get on third-party manufacturers. You get the option to record the phone's internal audio, choose an external source like a microphone, or record from both sources. You also get to show on-screen touches — which is useful if you're recording a how-to guide.
It's great that Google is finally bringing native screen recording to Android, but unlike MIUI and OxygenOS, you don't get the ability to customize the resolution, frame rate, or the bit-rate of the recording. It is still a decent enough solution for most users, but if you want additional features, MIUI or OxygenOS have you covered.
Android 11 overhauls the power menu
Over the last year, Google tried to use the power button for more than switching off your device. On Android 10, a long press of the power button launches Google Assistant. With Android 11, Google is turning the power menu into a dashboard for your smart home devices.
The power menu now serves as a dashboard for your smart home devices.
Instead of launching the Home app to turn off lights or control your thermostat, you'll be able to do so by long pressing the power button. The power menu still has options to turn off or restart your phone, but the rest of the page now features tiles that correspond to the smart home devices linked to your Google account in the Home app.
You can change the layout of the tiles and configure what actions show up on this page, but it is a more convenient way to control your smart home devices. In addition to the smart home controls, the power menu surfaces your Google Pay and loyalty cards.
I particularly like the redesigned power menu because it's much more convenient to hold the power button to access smart home controls than opening an app. I usually set up Hue widgets on the home screen to turn off lights and set scenes, and with these controls baked into the power menu, I no longer feel the need to do so.
Android 11 has powerful media controls
Android isn't as useful as iOS when it comes to media controls, but Google is fixing that with Android 11. The media player in Android 11 is now located in the quick settings menu, and it doesn't have to fight for space with the rest of your notifications.
The player acts as a persistent notification in the menu as long as you have the streaming service running in the background. A single swipe reveals the media player as well as play/pause, forward, or back controls, and the best part is that you can directly cast media to a Chromecast built-in device from the quick settings menu.
To accommodate the change, the quick settings menu now has two rows of tiles instead of three. If you're like me and had a lot of issues with media playback controls in Android 10, I'm glad to report that those problems are fixed in Android 11.
Android 11 gets big privacy-focused changes
One-time permissions debuted with Android 10, but the setting was limited to location. With Android 11, Google is expanding the feature to cover the camera and microphone. When you launch an app for the first time and it needs to access your location, camera, or microphone, you'll see an Only this time option in the dialog box in addition to While using the app and Deny.
When you select the Only this time option, that particular permission will be valid only until the app is active. Once you close the app, it will no longer be able to access the permission. The feature is a big step forward for privacy on Android, and it ensures apps don't collect data in the background.
Android 11's privacy features prevent apps like Instagram from spying on you.
Android 10's While using the app setting limited the scope of an app to collect data without your knowledge, and this goes one step further. There are plenty of scenarios when an app only needs access to a permission once, and by extending the setting to include the camera and microphone, Google is adding more safeguards to ensure apps don't spy on you.
For instance, I was setting up a Dyson Lightcycle task light with the Dyson Link app, and the app needed access to the location permission to find the Lightcycle over Bluetooth. I used the Only this time setting to give it one-time access, and once the initial configuration was finished, all I had to do was close the app to revoke the permission.
Then there's Instagram. I usually revoke Instagram's access to the camera and microphone after posting a story or sharing a photo on my feed, so this feature makes it that much more seamless to control access without having to go into the app's settings every time to remove permissions.
As for other permissions — like files and media access — the options are Allow or Deny, but with Scoped Storage now a requirement in Android 11, the app doesn't get unfettered access to your file system anymore. As much as I don't like Android being restrictive, Scoped Storage is a good way to reign in the amount of information an app can access, and when talking about Instagram, that's always a good thing. Instead of the entire file system, an app like Instagram can only access select media directories and its own installation folder.
Finally, Android 11 auto-resets permissions for apps you don't use quite often. You'll get a notification once a permission is revoked, and you get the option to give that particular app access the next time you use it. This feature is also designed to ensure apps you don't use do not have the ability to collect data in the background.
Android 11 delivers seamless updates
With Android 11, Google is making seamless updates mandatory for all manufacturers. Seamless updates ensure that you're able to use your phone when an OTA update is installing, preventing downtime. The feature was introduced with Android 7.0 Nougat, but a key holdout was Samsung.
Seamless updates rely on two partitions to minimize the downtime when installing an update. Say you're currently using partition A and you just received an OTA update on your phone. The update is then downloaded and unpacked into partition B, and installed in the background while you continue to use your phone. When you restart your phone, it boots into partition B — which has the new update.
Seamless updates are now mandatory, so you'll finally see the option on your Samsung phone.
This system also ensures that there's a fallback should an OTA update not install correctly for whatever reason. So in the above scenario, if the update in partition B fails to boot, the system will fall back to the older build that's still in partition A. Because of the inherent benefits on offer, most manufacturers already switched to seamless updates several years ago.
Samsung was the only brand continuing to use the older system, and with Android 11, it will have to make the switch. The caveat here is that the rule is only valid for devices running Android 11 out of the box, so current Samsung phones are unlikely to offer seamless updates. But the Galaxy S30 series and other Samsung phones in 2021 will include the feature.
Google is also offloading more update modules to the Play Store, so security and privacy fixes can be delivered like app updates instead of a full system update. Google says it added 12 new modules that can be updated directly from the Play Store, and it should make it that much easier to deliver updates to core OS components without needing to go through phone makes and carriers.
What else is new in Android 11?
As is the case with every new version of Android, there are dozens of features that make the overall experience smoother. With Android 11, that includes polished animations and smoother transitions, and with the rise of high refresh rate panels, you should see a more optimized interface regardless of whatever phone you're using.
Here are some of the other changes in Android 11:
- Multitasking pane: The overview pane in Android 11 no longer pulls up the app drawer. You instead get options to take a screenshot of the page and a text-select mode that uses OCR to recognize text on a page.
- 5G: Android 11 has built-in tools that deliver better connectivity over 5G networks. When you're connected to a 5G network, an app can invoke the built-in tools to gauge the bandwidth of the connection and whether it is metered, tailoring the experiences accordingly.
- Autofill and keyboards: With Android 11, autofill suggestions show up directly on the keyboard instead of a pop-up, a welcome change. The feature works with Gboard as well as third-party keyboards, and if you use autofill a lot on Android and don't really like the way it works, you'll love the changes in Android 11.
- Wireless Android Auto: Android Auto works wirelessly with Android 11 as long as you have a vehicle that's compatible.
- ** Suggested Apps:** This particular feature is limited to the Pixels, and if you enable it, you'll see a row of suggested apps at the bottom of the home screen and in the app drawer. It took a few days for the feature to figure out my usage habits, but it wasn't useful enough to warrant taking up the bottom row on the home screen.
- Better biometric authentication: Google made changes to the BiometricPrompt API, making it easier for app makers to choose from weak to strong biometric authentication systems. The change allows apps to use systems like software-based face unlock for faster access, or go the other way and require you to enter your unlock code or PIN along with fingerprint or facial recognition.
Android 11 is coming to your phone shortly
The biggest issue with a new version of Android is availability. Android 11 is available on the Pixels right now, but Google's phones make up a minuscule portion of Android. Therefore, Google is working with OnePlus, OPPO, Xiaomi, and Realme to ensure that more phones get the update in a timely fashion, with these manufacturers kicking off their Android 11 public betas in the coming days.
Like previous years, Samsung is missing from the list. We don't know when Samsung will deliver the Android 11 update to its phones, and with the Galaxy S10 not receiving the Android 10 update until January this year — four months after its launch — it looks like Galaxy owners are in for a long wait this time as well. .
Having said that, Google did see some positive uptick with Android 10, with the update now installed on over 10% of Android devices. That number may seem small, but Android is on over 2.5 billion devices, so we're looking at an install base of over 250 million phones with Android 10.
We'll have all the details on when your phone will get Android 11 over the coming weeks and months, but from talking to the likes of Xiaomi, OnePlus, and OPPO, I get the sense that there won't be as long a wait this year for the stable update to make its way to devices.
Android 11 Bottom line
Android 11 may not have flashy UI changes, but it has meaningful new additions that matter more in the long run. The changes to notification management in particular make Android 11 a great platform for messaging, and the Conversations view really does make a big difference in day-to day use. Chat bubbles are a great way to multitask, there's finally a built-in screen recorder, wireless Android Auto, better autofill, and so much more.
Android 11 is an important step forward for Google.
There are big changes to privacy as well, with one-time permissions now available for the camera and microphone. The feature ensures errant apps don't spy on you in the background, and this is an area where Google has made considerable gains in the last two years. Media controls shifting to the quick settings page is also a positive move, and the reworked power menu is great as a dashboard for your smart home devices.
With seamless updates now mandatory, you don't have to worry about an OTA update bricking your device. Android 11 also includes better support for 5G, and the tools baked in should give developers the ability to tailor custom experiences for when 5G is available more widely.
Ultimately, Android 11 adds a host of useful features across the board. By adding more security and privacy update modules to the Play Store, Google is making sure that more devices can get these fixes without having to wait for a full system update. With 5G and foldables at the cusp of going mainstream, we're set for an entirely new set of mobile experiences, and Android 11 is at the forefront of these technologies.
Bottom line: The changes with Android 11 are focused around three pillars: better communication with the people you care about, better control over your smart home devices, and better tools to safeguard your privacy.