Google introduced Material Design back in 2014, and while Android looks very different from seven years ago, the design language itself hasn't changed too much. Google has focused its attention on polishing core interface elements in recent releases, adding better notification management, overhauled gestures, new privacy features, and system-wide dark mode.
With Android 12, Google is embarking on a huge redesign that changes just about every facet of the interface. Google calls this the "biggest design change in Android's history," and that claim is warranted. The new design language is an evolution of Material Design dubbed Material You, and it makes Android much more playful and accessible. The best Android phones feature skins with plenty of customizability, and Google is heading down that path with Android 12.
Of course, Android 12 is much more than a fresh coat of paint. Google is introducing important privacy and security features and making dozens of under-the-hood changes that make the overall experience much better. With the first public beta now live, let's take a look at some of the key changes in Android 12, and whether you should install the update on your phone.
Android 12 gets a big visual overhaul with Material You
The biggest talking point with Android 12 is the Material You design language. Like Material Design, this design paradigm isn't just limited to Android; Google says it will implement the new design across all of its services and products.
The Material You design language makes Android fun and playful.
While Material Design got a lot right in terms of aesthetic, it never really felt personable. Google is aiming to change that with Material You. Google says the new aesthetic "explores a more humanistic approach to design," and that's conveyed through increased personalization.
Android 12 features a robust customization engine that lets you switch up the colors throughout the interface. Obviously, theming isn't new on Android, with most third-party manufacturers offering extensive themes for nearly a decade now. Google also rolled out the ability to change interface colors and change icon styles two years ago, but with Android 12 those changes are carried over system-wide, including the likes of Gboard.
Another difference with Google's implementation in Android 12 is that you get custom color palettes that change automatically based on your home screen wallpaper. If your wallpaper has blue tones, the system will pick a blue shade and a complimentary color and use those throughout the interface. This color picker feature is at the core of Android 12's customizability, and while the feature itself isn't live in the first public beta, we can see how the interface looks by manually changing the colors within Styles.
Google has also redesigned the notification pane with quick toggles that take up much more width; the round tiles have make way for rectangular blocks that are easy to toggle. The blocks fill with color when they're enabled, and it enlivens the notification pane. Sure, there are fewer toggles on the pane because of the increased width, but I don't mind that at all.
Oh, and as is evident in the screenshots above, the brightness and volume sliders are huge. While I like the changes to the notification pane, the width of the sliders will definitely take some getting used to. Google is also overhauling animations on Android; dismissing a notification has a nice visual flourish, and everything from pulling down the notification shade to just navigating the app drawer feels fun and playful.
Google says that these "little surprises and playful quirkiness augment basic storytelling—making technology approachable and comfortable." Widgets have also received an overhaul and feel much more cohesive, but then again it remains to be seen just how many devs follow the new guidelines. If you're using a Pixel 5, you can use a back tap gesture for invoking Google Assistant, music playback, taking a screenshot, and more.
Earlier versions of Android ended up being too austere on the design front, and while I personally liked the minimal aesthetic, it's clear that most users want an interface that's highly customizable and personable. The changes to Android 12 make the interface feel much more inviting, and while not everyone will like the design, it is a refreshing change.
Android 12 comes with new privacy and security features
Google is also rolling out a slate of features designed to safeguard your privacy. Android 12 will let you turn off system-wide camera and microphone access via a quick setting tile, so even if you've previously given an app access to your camera, that setting will be overridden if you turn off camera access via the toggle.
Android 12 will prominently highlight whenever a service is accessing your camera or microphone via an indicator that's located near the status bar. Google will also mandate apps to use the new location API that lets you choose between providing your precise location or an approximation. Google has also introduced Android Private Compute Core, which ensures your personal information is always safe:
Android Private Compute Core allows us to introduce new technologies that are private by design, allowing us to keep your personal information safe, private and local to your phone. Private Compute Core enables AI features like Live Caption, Now Playing and Smart Reply.
All the audio and language processing happens on-device, isolated from the network to preserve your privacy. Like the rest of Android, the protections in Private Compute Core are open source and fully inspectable and verifiable by the security community.
Finally, Google is introducing a privacy dashboard that shows just how many times an app has accessed the location, camera or microphone details. This is a big deal for privacy on Android, and while these features aren't live in this beta, they should be available in forthcoming builds.
These are landmark changes, but what limits the excitement is that Google isn't mandating these changes for device makers. So someone like Samsung or Xiaomi can ignore all the new privacy features in their implementation of Android 12.
Should you install Android 12 on your phone?
The Android 12 public beta is coming two months after the first dev preview rolled out, but it is still an early release. Google has ironed out a lot of issues from the first two dev previews, and in the little while I've used the Android 12 beta, I didn't face any problems. If you're interested in trying out the build, here's how you can install it on your Pixel.
Like previous years, the Android 12 beta program is available for third-party phones, so if you're interested in trying out the latest Android features but don't have a Pixel, there are plenty of options from the likes of Xiaomi, OPPO, Vivo, and other manufacturers.
While it's exciting to see Google overhaul the design of Android, the usual caveats are valid here. The visual changes to Android 12 — like the color picker feature — are debuting on Pixels first, and at this time we don't know when they'll show up on third-party phones (if at all).
The design clashes significantly with the current One UI, MIUI, OxygenOS, and just about every other third-party UI on Android, so it will be interesting to see if manufacturers integrate these changes or ignore the new aesthetic. We'll have much more to share as Android 12 evolves over the coming weeks and months, so stay tuned.