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Chromebook vs. iPad: Closer than ever to being actual computers

It should be abundantly clear by now that Android tablets are never going to catch on. Instead, it looks more and more like Google is positioning Chrome OS with Android apps to fill that space. Chromebooks have been tremendously successful in the quest to replace the traditional computer over the last couple of years, especially in school settings. At the same time, Apple's iPads are the only reason the tablet market continues to exist today. Lots of people own iPads, and many claim these tablets are just fine as a replacement for a computer.

To get a feel for what Chrome OS and iOS offer people who want an alternative to their computer, I spent a week using nothing but a 10.5-inch iPad Pro with a keyboard cover and an Acer Chromebook R13 Convertible. While I didn't find either of them to be a computer replacement for me, in many ways both Google and Apple are damn close.

Hardware

While Chromebooks come in a lot of different options, from a lot of different companies, including soon a keyboard-free tablet form factor, these machines are by and large an inexpensive PC. Google offers the premium Pixelbook for those eager to shell out that much money, but most of the time what you are buying is a fairly standard laptop or convertible with a unique operating system on board.

You can find decent Chromebooks for not a lot of money, whereas the cheapest iPad and keyboard costs close to $400.

This Acer model is an excellent lower-end Chromebook with a fair look at what you can expect from most Chromebooks, by which I mean it's an OK laptop with an okay-ish experience. The body has tons of ports, so I can attach a flash drive or a printer or a microSD card if I want. The display, speakers, and camera are ok but not exceptional in any way. The keyboard is nice for a laptop keyboard, but the trackpad is pretty gross compared to just about everything. The convertible hinge makes flipping between laptop and tablet super easy, and the design is just bulky enough to convince me it will survive a drop or two without any serious damage.

Where this machine really stands out is the battery. Rated for 48Wh, this battery gets me through two full work days before it needs to be charged. And since it charges via USB-C, I can charge it with the same cable and battery and wall plug I use with my phone.

Apple's iPad Pro comes in two sizes, and choosing between the two has everything to do with how you intend to use it. I did not need the 12-inch version, but the smaller 10.5-inch iPad Pro travels with me quite well. It's super thin and ridiculously light, with a beautiful display and surprisingly loud speakers. The only port is the Lightning port on the bottom, and the headphone jack is at the top, but there are adapters for connecting flash drives if you need one.

USB-C charging makes all the difference.

To type on this, I need to attach the $160 Smart Keyboard or try to use the virtual keyboard. Imagine the stuff on the outside of a regular iPad cover over a set of small keys, and you've got some idea of how this feels. The individual keys are decently spaced apart, making typing even on the smaller keyboard surprisingly comfortable. The wedge design lets you comfortably use the iPad like a laptop on your lap, but it removes the ability to control the angle the screen sits. There are other cases which offer a little more flexibility, but they're not nearly as lovely as this keyboard.

Battery life on the iPad Pro 10.5 is enough to get me through a work day, but not usually enough to get me through much more than that. Apple claims the 30.4Wh battery in this model will get you up to 10 hours of use, but when you've got more than one app running on this machine that battery drains quite a bit faster. The good news is you can charge these iPads fairly quickly with a USB-C to Lightning cable and a Rapid Charging adapter. Unfortunately, Apple doesn't include either in the box with the iPad Pro 10.5, and the included charger isn't particularly fast.

Software

Apps rule the world these days, but there's a lot of discussion around how much "work" you can do in an app-only ecosystem. Many of the apps Chromebooks and iPads have access to were designed with Android phones or iPhone in mind, and not built to support a workflow where you're using the app for hours on end to get a big project done, right? These days this is less true than you might think, but there are still some usability issues with both platforms.

Chromebooks started out by giving you Chrome as the only interface, and nothing else. This works for several groups of people, since so much if done in the browser these days anyway. Recent builds of Chrome have way more features, including offline mode for people who aren't connected to WiFi and access to a vast majority of Android apps available in the Google Play Store. This means I can use the mobile version of Adobe Lightroom, which gives me the ability to edit RAW photos and syncs everything back to my desktop. While it's not exactly as capable of the Desktop Lightroom, it's way better than most alternatives. Having access to a full desktop browser is something you don't get on mobile devices, no matter what platform you use. When you add Android apps to this, you get a healthy mix of usability options.

It's common to dismiss iPad as just big iPhones, but when you attach that Smart Keyboard and dig into apps you get quite a few features that don't exist on the phone yet.

For example, instead of letting Slack and Trello live in browser tabs on Chrome OS, I can give them their own windows and let them run as Android apps. These windows snap in place quickly so I can switch between them with a tap or a click, and everything I see on the screen is running in the foreground. I can control how big each window is on the screen, offering up quite a bit of flexibility in setting up my experience. I can get crazy and have 10 apps open on my desktop, or keep it simple and focus on getting work done.

Unfortunately, a lot of this experience disappears when you turn the Chromebook into a tablet. When the keyboard goes away, Chrome OS turns all of the Android apps into full-screen apps, which means I now have a big clumsy 13-inch Android tablet that also has Chrome. This is not ideal, and something Google is working to fix in the next couple of Chrome OS updates. Updates, by the way, are one of best things about Chrome OS. They are constantly rolling out, install with the greatest of ease, and every Chromebook gets the update as soon as it is available.

It's common to dismiss iPad as just big iPhones, but when you attach that Smart Keyboard and dig into apps, you get quite a few features that don't exist on the phone yet. Apple has implemented split window support on iPads so that you can run two apps in side-by-side windows. When these apps are stuck to one another, they stay stuck even when you leave the apps to run something else. You can come back to those apps days later, and they will both be there just as you left them. In some cases, apps that are stuck side-by-side like this have file sharing features to make it easy to send things from one app to another.

You can also combine split window with picture-in-picture, which means I can have a video playing in the corner while I'm photo editing and keeping up with my co-workers in our group chat. Suddenly the app-driven experience that was once limited to a single app on the screen at a time is now running three apps simultaneously with adjustable app sizes for each. On a 10-inch screen, that's a lot to have running all at once and easily dismisses any feelings that this experience isn't a "real" computer while using it.

But it's not perfect. For starters, very few apps support all of these features. The Apple apps will, of course, but deviating from that frequently causes problems. Splitting the screen with another app required a lot of trial and error, as well as having the app in my dock for convenient switching. Not every video app supports picture-in-picture either, which causes other problems. It's not a universal experience, and that means you have to work to find the apps which support the workflow you want to create.

Summing it all up

I reject the "real work" argument against Chromebooks and iPads, but there's a lot of improvements needed to make these experiences feel polished. If Google is planning to go all in with Chromebooks as tablets, the software needs to be a lot more flexible in that tablet mode. Before I reach for an iPad to take with me as my only computer, I need a way to know what apps are optimized for my workflow before figuring out the hard way. The irony of my conclusion isn't lost on me; iPads make great tablets which sort of make OK computers in a pinch, where Chromebooks make great laptops which sort of make ok tablets in a pinch.

But if I were to choose between the two experiences right now, I'd go Chromebook without hesitation. Having access to a full desktop browser is a huge deal, and the things you can do in that browser on a Chromebook simply can't be done on an iPad. Being able to create my own filenames shouldn't be something that requires a hacky workaround, but Apple has no native solution for this seemingly obvious thing. Safari on the iPad still opens many websites in mobile view by default, and when the answer to that problem is "just use the app" there needs to be a guarantee that app isn't also offering a mediocre experience.

Take a look at the best Chromebooks you can buy today!

Russell is a Contributing Editor at Android Central. He's a former server admin who has been using Android since the HTC G1, and quite literally wrote the book on Android tablets. You can usually find him chasing the next tech trend, much to the pain of his wallet. Find him on Facebook and Twitter

22 Comments
  • I want a screen that's 8-9 inches with a 16x9 / 16x10 aspect ratio as a media consumption device. Movies to books and a bit of web surfing. I have a laptop already but I don't want to take it to bed. The tablet market is crap, but it shouldn't be.
  • This. Come on Sony, HTC somebody please do a media-centric device. I don't want MY tablet to be a computer.
  • A decent file management system system incorporated into IOS would be a game changer. I haven't worked much with IOS of late, so I'm not sure what they've done in that department. Chrome, amdroid, or IOS will never satisfy a power user; however, for 80% of folks they could eventually suffice.
  • I would consider myself a power user and have a Pixel Book (PB) and it takes care of everything I need. I do a decent amount of development and do a lot of my work with Docker containers and it works perfect on my PB. I work in a variety of technologies including Redis, Mongo, React, Android Studio, among many others and all works great on my Pixel Book. But then I also get Android apps which is important. So if I want to change the temp using Nest app or Google Home app or Google WiFi app or play an Android game. But the big thing is my laptop is super secure and simply just works. I get long battery life, great performance as it is Linux, quick boot, etc. Can you explain why ChromeOS is never going to satisfy a power user? What am I missing?
  • Slightly confused about your comments on tablet mode in ChromeOS. Especially as I am typing this on tablet mode on my Pixelbook with 2 apps in split screen!
  • Chromebooks are perfect for me. Most of what I need to do in a PC can be done in the cloud, that includes coding at times. Then I can copy and paste, or convert from the cloud to my PC. They are truly flexible.
  • Pretty good Google/Apple story on Android Central.... Name change coming.
  • I considered the pixelbook. But in the end it is waaaaay too expensive to do what it's intended for which is not much. I went with the Samsung Tab S3 instead. I'm happy I did.
  • dont come complaining about software update next year
  • Why would I?
  • Because you are not getting any with the same song.
  • Honestly, I could see a Chromebook or tablet doing what I need to do, but because my work is the determining factor. If only my work would catch up to the world of the cloud, I could have a nice, light chromebook. Oh well...Windows laptop for now.
  • Definition of a computer? They are both computers...
  • I think he means more of a PC and what they're capable of. You know, PCs, what people with real jobs use. Which neither of those devices are even close to being.
  • And yet both STILL trail Windows computers in usability by a long shot.
  • Disagree. I can do a lot more on my Pixel Book then I could on a Windows laptop. But the big thing is I get a far more secure platform. I am using the developer channel and have full GNU/Linux support. So Docker, Wine, Steam, Android Studio and all the other GNU/Linux software. But then I also get Android. There is more and more things that only have an iOS or Android app that I can run and not possible on a Windows box.
  • I'd pick anything Google and Android over Apple, they suck and only bimbos with more money than sense will choose an iPad and the locked down, overpriced restrictive iOS where Apple controls it's users. Chromebook or anything Android is a no brainer unless you're an iSheep. Glad I left all that behind to join the true most advanced, most popular and powerful mobile OS in Android.
  • Signed: the Google bot
  • Worst comparison ever!
  • I have both a Chromebook and an iPad. The one that gets the most use and is the one that I would choose to keep if I could only have one, is the iPad.
  • There is one HUGE drawback that was left out when taking about using iPads as a computer/work device. (Which seems to always be the be left out by people always singing the praise of the iPad). it's lack of track pad/mouse support. It's so kludgy using an iPad as a computer without the support. Why is it always overlooked? Also if you think iPads are the only tablet that sells them clearly you aren't paying enough attention. I live in greater Boston, and commute in and out via the train. Amazon Fire tablets are very popular. That's all anyone uses tablets for. Games, books Facebook and entertainment.
  • « just use the app » Or use desktop mode!