VPN for dummies ... Or Dads ... Or why it's time to finally take the plunge
Over the past year I've been slowly moving my family to more secure options for their phones and computers. Password managers — to promote the usage of longer and stronger passwords — was the first step. Then we all moved to more secure messaging.
Now it's time for the big one. The one I'd been dreading. VPNs.
I've been using Virtual Private Networks for years. Almost exclusively for work, but I was plenty familiar with the principle. But while I'm certainly no expert in networking, I wasn't looking forward to trying to explain all this to my wife and kids. And, actually, it's still a work in progress.
The main issues:
- What is a VPN?
- Why would you need a VPN?
- When do you need to use a VPN?
- OK, fine. Now how do I use a VPN?
- Which VPN should I use?
Not overly difficult questions, right? But when you're taking something that just works — our phones and our computers — and adding yet another layer of complexity atop what already has become more annoying with incomprehensible passwords and seventeen different messaging apps ... Well, I get it. Is a VPN something we really need to use?
Yeah, it is.
I'll keep this relatively short.
What is a VPN?
A VPN is like a private tunnel created within the Internet stream to which you've connected. Whether you're at home, at work, in public — wherever.
When you're using a VPN, all of your data will flow — encrypted — through the VPN to the end destination, and look like it's coming from something other than your computer. So instead of looking like it's coming from computer aaa.bbb.c.c, it'll look like it's coming from xxx.yyy.z.z.
And if you choose a VPN provider with exit points outside of your home country, you can disguise your location — handy for when you're, say, traveling and are unable to get to your home content.
Why would you need a VPN?
Any time you want to have a strong layer of security around your internet traffic is when you'll want to use a VPN. That may be all the time. That may be only part of the time. That part's up to you.
Also sometimes content isn't available where you are, so you want to look like you're somewhere else. When I was on a work trip in China a couple years ago, things like Facebook and Twitter and loads of other services were unavailable behind the government firewall. For other folks, it's about being able to see content (sports, for example) outside of the home area.
Or maybe you just want to disguise your location on principle.
More recent and for many folks more concerning, has been the recent Net Neutrality rollback making its way through Washington. Internet Service Providers. Ignoring the politics of the matter, it really comes down to whether you trust your ISP (or mobile provider) to not do something with your data that you'd disapprove of.
It's your data. It should stay that way.
When should you use a VPN?
We've all done it a million times. Walked into a coffee shop, leeched off the free Wifi longer than we were supposed to, logging into all sorts of things while we were there. Free, unsecured Wifi.
At the gym. ... At the mall. ... On a plane. ... In the grocery store. ... Think of the number of places you've ever connected to an unsecured network without giving it a second thought. Is it likely someone was sniffing packets while you doing your thing? Who knows. But if someone wanted to, they could see any unencrypted traffic you were passing along. And I don't know about you, but that's not really the sort of thing I keep track of at that sort of level.
At a bare minimum that's when you're going to want to use a VPN. It's pretty much the only time I worry about it, other than when I have specific things I need to do for work that require a VPN.
As for the rest of the time? It's a matter of trust. Do you trust your ISP to not hand over your data — where you've gone online, and what you've potentially done while you were there — or, perhaps even more annoyingly, to not inject its own ads (or worse) whenever and however it wants? VPNs will help guard against this.
How do you use a VPN
The good news: This has gotten easier over the years. Yes, there are plenty of lightweight clients that let you load configuration files manually. And if you're OK with that, great.
But most services out there also have standalone apps that take care of the details for you. You load up their app on your phone or computer, enter your username and password (which, by the way, probably shouldn't be something someone could recognize you by since the idea here is to be a little more secretive than usual), and off you go.
Yes, it's an extra step and a few clicks. But not too much more than that.
Which VPN should you use?
Here's the thing: I don't know.
There are dozens and dozens of VPN providers out there. They all do things differently. Some are free. Some aren't. The basic rule of thumb, though, is that if you're not paying for a product, then you are the product. And when you're trying to protect your data it's not the time to skimp.
You're going to want to do a little homework here. Read reviews. Read the blog posts from VPN companies. Check out the VPN subreddit. (I thought this piece from ProtonMail (opens in new tab) was really good.) Ask lots of questions. And don't be afraid to change providers if one does something you're not comfortable with. Commercial products are there to make money, first and foremost. That doesn't mean there aren't good commercial VPNs out there, but stay vigilant.
I'd recommend reading That One Privacy Site, which has an excellent comparison chart of VPN services. And for the more technically inclined, Ars Technica has a good tutorial on rolling your own VPN. (But even I haven't gone that far — yet.)
The bottom line
If it seems like VPN providers are thirsty, that's because they are. Security and privacy are more important than ever, and they'll continue to be for a long, long time. That means there's a lot of money to be had.
Be wary of deals that sound too good to be true. Be skeptical. But also don't be afraid to pay for a service. Just remember that you're paying it to protect your data.
And above all, remember to use your VPN once you've got it.
Also: The pros and cons of using a VPN on your phone
We test and review VPN services in the context of legal recreational uses. For example:
1. Accessing a service from another country (subject to the terms and conditions of that service).
2. Protecting your online security and strengthening your online privacy when abroad.
We do not support or condone the illegal or malicious use of VPN services. Consuming pirated content that is paid-for is neither endorsed nor approved by Future Publishing.
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Been using PIA on my laptops and phones for about a year. No real problems to complain about.
I'm trying it for a month and so far no complains.
Another shoutout for PIA...In my 4th year now.
I use 'SSH persistent tunnels' app instead of a VPN. The communications are strongly encrypted and strongly authenticated (key-only). In order to use a VPN, you have to trust the endpoint, and I don't trust 3rd party VPN vendors. My SSH tunnels terminate on my own server (which could be as simple as a Raspberry Pi), so communications are as safe as if done from home. I have no need to obfuscate my location; my purpose is security over untrusted WiFi networks. Many streaming sites are blocking VPNs in any case.
My problem is finding one that will still allow my streaming Netflix and such, although not as importantas of late considering I'm making the Kodi transition any way. But still... By the looks of it right now, I'm going with either IPVanquish or nordvpn
I discovered CyberGhost some two years ago and it works fine.
Watch the speed drop from many VPNs. With high speed LTE or home connections, connecting through a VPN will definitely slow things down.
Slows it down some but nothing to the point of not working. I still can stream all my streams and download files without an issue.
Just started using SetupVPN extensions for Chrome and Firefox last weekend. Wanted to access a Live YouTube event in Latvia that was being blocked here in the US. Worked quick and easy.
So the FBI can't spy on your nefarious activities? LOL. Most people have absolutely no need of a VPN.
Lol, more like the dude next to you at Starbucks doesn't spy on your bank login
Banks don't use unencrypted connections.
So anyone can't spy on your activities. Fixed it for you.
I bought the life time access for Ivacy on Android Central store. Feels like I have wasted my money. Some websites give it good reviews other says that you should stay away. What is Android Central's view? Surely AC will only promote good VPN? I also read that they are based in China... cannot be good for privacy? Is anyone else using them?
I must be worse than a dummy. I don't understand anything about vpn's or if I need to use one.
Think of it as an encrypted pipe that you can send your Internet information down that prevents others from spying on your traffic as it traverses the open Internet.
Enough about net neutrality. It was a scam for the government to control the pipe. Privacy ... privacy. If people were that concerned , Google would not have been able to build it's empire!
Don't overlook the Guardian Project. It's not just Tor, but they offer VPN and proxy services. Meant for all platforms. Most importantly, do research to find the one that fits your needs.