Android N's three multi-window modes, explained

One of the biggest user-facing features of Android N is the ability to run more than one app on the screen at a time. Sure, some manufacturers like Samsung and LG have offered similar features for years, but from N onwards it'll be supported at the operating-system level, which means better app support, and (eventually) less custom code.

When most people think about multi-window mode, they imagine the traditional split-screen view pioneered by Samsung and LG, and included in newer iPad models. However Android N actually has three distinct ways to run more than one app at once.

Let's dive in.

Android Central in multi-window

The Android Central App alongside the Android Central website.

Split-screen mode

This is your standard multi-window mode, as you might have come to know on some Samsung, LG and Huawei phones. The screen is split between two different apps, either vertically or horizontally depending on the type of device and screen orientation. To activate it, long-press the Recent Apps key with an app already open.

There's a dividing line up top which lets you control how much space is split between each app (some apps may have a minimum height/width). Swipe the divider downwards to make the top app full-screen. Press the recent apps key to choose a recent app for the lower portion of the screen. Or press home to choose a secondary app from your home screen or app drawer.

Freeform mode

We haven't officially seen anything of Freeform mode — although some have managed to hack it into earlier Android N preview builds. Essentially, Freeform is a fully-fledged windowed app mode for Android, with floating resizable apps that can be closed or maximized just like on your PC, Mac or Chromebook.

It's unclear how freeform might be activated in its finished form, though the early implementation activated by changing certain XML files in the earlier N preview lets you send apps to windowed mode by tapping an icon in the Recent Apps screen.

According to Google's dev docs, "manufacturers of larger devices can choose to enable freeform mode" — so it's not enabled by default. And it's worth noting that no specific device types are mentioned — a "large device" could easily be a "phablet" type phone or a TV box.

That said, in the current Android N beta, the feature is not yet enabled on larger tablets like the Pixel C.

Picture-in-picture mode


An early look at picture-in-picture on Android TV. (Source: Google Developers)

Similar to iOS's picture-in-picture mode, Android N's PiP implementation lets one app exist as a floating window on top of everything else. As the name suggests, the obvious example is a floating video player that you could keep in view while using other apps in the background.

Picture-in-picture was only mentioned in reference to the Nexus Player TV box at Google I/O 2016. However Google engineer Wale Ogunwale explained to us at a later session that there's no reason a manufacturer couldn't port it to other types of devices — for example, tablets — if they wanted to. (That said, it's unclear how users might launch PiP mode on a non-Android TV device.)

Which apps will work?

Android N assumes all apps work with multi-window unless the developer specifies otherwise. If the app developer has opted out of multi-window, you'll see a toast message telling you the app doesn't support it. Certain apps not specifically designed for Android N may display a dialog warning saying they "may not work" with the feature.

As a rule of thumb though, once Android N is finalized it'll be expected that the vast majority of apps will just work with the new multitasking modes.

Alex Dobie
Executive Editor

Alex was with Android Central for over a decade, producing written and video content for the site, and served as global Executive Editor from 2016 to 2022.

  • Just took them 5 years more that it should have!
  • Hey, better late then never :P Blackberry Priv
    Nvidia Shield "Portable"
    Sony Xperia Z3 Tablet Compact
  • Sounds a lot like a Note 4! :D
  • Except way more useful because app support is opt out. There will be way more support for this out of the box. Posted via the Android Central App
  • +1
  • sammy wasn't first either. but its a moot point. google has done it right! it was actually a hidden feature in M. didnt work too well. youtube for example would pause when you interact with the other app. but now its flawless. you can even resize and doesn't miss a beat
  • I could have sworn my g2 had that in the software back in the day. Going to have to power it back on to try it out. Exciting to hear though, finally something everyone can have and not just Sammy. Posted via the Android Central App
  • "a manufacturer couldn't port it to other types of devices"
    why dont google port it to phone and tablets?
  • I'm getting "app may not support multi-window" for Hangouts. Way to go Google.
  • Mine warns about that too but it works just fine. This is still a beta, why would you not expect that message to pop up?
  • One feature I rarely use so far. Maybe in the near future. Posted from my Nexus 6P.
  • Still nowhere near as intuitive or useful as it is on a Surface tablet.
  • One of my favorite xposed modules was XHalo Multi Window but it only worked up to kitkat. I'll be glad to finally have floating windows back. Posted via the Android Central App
  • There's another new feature in N that I use way more the multi-window, that's double tap the Recent Apps key to flip back to the last app you had open. Posted via the Android Central App
  • Sounds exactly like what Samsung owners have had all along. Btw, what's the difference between Free Form and PIP? Arent' they both just standard windowed modes? The Galaxy devices do this by allowing up to 5 windows which can be minimized down to little icons that can be accessed at any time and will float above full screen apps.. It's good this feature is finally coming to Android, don't know what took so long.
  • Anything has to be better than marsh mallow as this was the worst ever. Took far too long to load and crashed many people's Nexus 9 so good riddance to it.
  • I've been playing with Remix OS on my Nexus 9. It's neat, but really requires a mouse to use. On the other hand the new multiwindow modes in N should support touch input much better than Remix.
  • It's so nice of having freeform like windowed option. Since we've seen splitscreen in samsung but from OS level multitasking so good which implies multitasking for low end mobiles.