Google is trying to fix Android camera apps but it's not going to work

Google Pixel 4 camera interface
Google Pixel 4 camera interface (Image credit: Andrew Martonik / Android Central)

There is a reason a lot of people think Android phones have bad cameras. That's not true of course, and there are several phones from companies like Samsung or Huawei that disprove it, as well as Google's own Pixel series of phones. But there is a tiny nugget there that can't be denied, and that's when you look to third-party camera apps.

As good as the camera app that comes with your phone is, there are always reasons why people look to apps that use their own camera mode. Maybe you like to use Instagram and use its built-in camera and filters. Or maybe you want control over things like exposure or shutter speed and your phone's camera app doesn't give it to you. Third-party apps are there to fill the void and give us what we want.

Your phone came with a great camera app but there are others you probably want to try.

Except when they don't work the way we think they should. This issue came into the news cycle in a big way when Moment decided to discontinue its great Moment Pro camera app, and the reason why is because the company just couldn't build separate versions for every phone. It stinks that the app is left to wither and die, but you can't fault Moment for not seeing any value in continuing.

Google's solution is the CameraX Jetpack library. It's a software library that developers like Moment can use to build an app that has access to all of Android's camera features as well as support for extras like Samsung's wide-angle lens or telephoto lens. It's not part of Android itself, but it's a free and easy to use add-on that's available to everybody for free.

There's just one problem — the company that makes a phone has to "expose" the Android camera APIs so the CameraX Jetpack can use them. Since it's voluntary, they aren't going to. That means that while developers have an easy tool to build one app that works for every phone, none of the features manufacturers include are going to work with it.

It's a tough situation, but it also makes perfect sense. Samsung, for example, takes pride in the camera on its flagship phones. And it should — they take excellent photos and include all the extras you would want in a point and shoot camera. Samsung is also very protective of its camera technology — both hardware and software — so it's not going to build its software in a way so another app developer can use it.

Phone makers don't want to share everything, and this can cause big problems for developers.

This isn't just a Samsung problem, either. It serves an example because Samsung is now synonymous with Android and its phones tend to have great cameras. But other companies like LG or Motorola also work hard to give a great camera experience and aren't likely to open up for app developers the way Google has things implemented. Some companies will. OnePlus comes to mind, and of course Google's own Pixel phones. But chances are the phone you buy next isn't going to allow all of its camera features to work in your favorite camera app. These companies want you to use the app they worked hard to create.

The fix is easy and very difficult at the same time — Google needs to stop making things voluntary. I don't mean that Google should tell phone makers what apps need to be included or how to build anything, but when it comes to software libraries that app developers expect to be there and the same for every model, Google needs to force their inclusion.

Google is no stranger to anti-trust investigations

By not doing this, Google is shooting itself in the foot. Android is popular because of the Google Play Store. If there wasn't a built-in application market, nobody would want to use a phone running Android. You only need to look at Windows phone's failure as proof — the Lumia models ran the gamut from budget to flagship, the software was good, and the name Microsoft was tied to it. That should have equaled a rousing success, but because of the lack of apps, the entire ecosystem died. If it wasn't for Google Play, anyone with a smartphone would have bought an iPhone. The reverse is true, too — Apple's App Store is what drives its platform.

I know Google has to tread lightly lest it gets tangled up in even more anti-trust scrutiny. but we're not talking about any user-facing features when we look at the CameraX Jetpack library — it's just there so every app works with every phone. It's a great solution to a huge problem, but it's neutered because phone makers aren't forced to use it to its fullest. The same can be said about any voluntary Android features or APIs; unless manufacturers have to include support we are the ones who suffer.

Jerry Hildenbrand
Senior Editor — Google Ecosystem

Jerry is an amateur woodworker and struggling shade tree mechanic. There's nothing he can't take apart, but many things he can't reassemble. You'll find him writing and speaking his loud opinion on Android Central and occasionally on Twitter.

  • Moment's failure to support their software isn't a good example of the consequence of the problem; they supported just three brands, and their hardware is intended mainly for the primary lens on those to begin with. Hardly the dire software situation they painted.
    The consequence is seen in EVERY third-party camera app. Everything from processing quality, to available features, suffers JUST enough, especially when OEMs offer many of the same features themselves. Those apps might offer greater control on basic camera apps like the Pixel's, but (at best) they'd only match the features offered by Samsung, LG, Huawei, etc. So then, what's the point of those apps?
  • Even those brands wouldn't give Moment access to the APIs needed. Sucks designing a case that can utilize the extra cameras and being denied access to them.
  • Disappointed, I though this was going to be news on Google fixing what ever they did to kill their own camera app on the Pixel 2 and 2 XL. Still no camera at all on 5 Pixel 2 and Pixel 2 XL phones, all at the same time, can not convince me that this is a hardware problem, not 5 phones in a 24 hour period.
  • Just another reason to stick to the only two brands of phones I really consider. Pixel and OnePlus. OnePlus has been kicking pixels ass for quite a few years now though 😃
  • OnePlus kicking ass? More like kicking customers in the balls.
  • By offering good phones at comparatively cheap prices?
  • Google should have made things involuntary and made Android work more like Windows in that they have control over the OS, libraries and APIs and it's the OEM's fault if things don't work as planned. They also should have tied the Play Store to requiring compliance to have access and the ability to use it.
  • I never had much reason to try a 3rd party camera app, with the exception of Filmic Pro for use with an anamorphic lens. I did try Gcam, but the results were noisy and I didn't see the point. I'm also not sure forcing compliance would be a good thing. Good for 3rd party developers, but it would likely stifle creativity among OEMs.
  • I do not care about any extra features. Just make the all the 3rd party apps that use the camera, have the native camera quality in both stills and video and be able to use the available multiple cameras just like the native camera app can. It's well known that stills and video quality on any 3rd party app on Android completely sucks because the processing is left to the generic APIs that do not and cannot access the native image processing of the device. This has been an issue forever and OEMs are so damn stupid to not realise that it hurts them in the end. No matter how heavenly your native camera app and the results are, most people care more about how results look inside their favourite social media or video chat apps. And we know what the results look like - garbage. They see Instagram stories shot on an iPhone look better, video calling from an iPhone looks better (even with the same app like Skype or WhatsApp or whatever) etc., and they think image quality is just better on iPhone and that iPhones have better cameras and better apps. Android OEMs aren't doing themselves ANY favours by not getting with the CameraX Jetpack program.