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Despite Quest 2 sales success, Meta lost $10.2 billion on VR/AR last year

Meta Quest Hero
Meta Quest Hero (Image credit: Nick Sutrich / Android Central)

What you need to know

  • In its Q4 earnings report, Meta reported $33.6 billion in revenue over the past three months.
  • Despite a 20% year-over-year growth, Facebook stocks have plummeted as a result of lower-than-expected growth.
  • Facebook Reality Labs earned about 2.3 billion in 2021, but total income was consistently negative every quarter.
  • Meta is reportedly pivoting to Reels to compete with TikTok, which has cut into its profits.
  • Zuckerberg blamed iOS privacy changes and new European regulations for reduced user data capture, which cuts into profits.

Meta's Q4 2021 earnings report was the first to split up its app and advertising revenue with its Reality Labs hardware division for VR and AR. And based on this first report, we learned exactly how much money Meta is hemmoraging for its virtual reality and augmented reality efforts, despite the success of the Oculus Quest 2.

According to the report, Reality Labs — which encompasses Quest 2 sales and software sales — earned $534 million, $305 million, $558 million, and $877 million across the four quarters of 2021, totalling $2.3 billion. Evidently, sales grew significantly during Black Friday and the holiday season.

Despite that, actual Reality Labs revenue was a net negative all year, as it lost $1.8 billion, $2.4 billion, $2.6 billion, and $3.3 billion during those same quarters.

Increased sales likely corresponded with other increased costs. Meta has ramped up traditional advertising for its headset and popular games like Beat Saber; it has acquired developers like Supernatural and acquired upcoming exclusives like GTA: San Andreas; and R&D for upcoming VR/AR headsets will cut into profits too. Meta even announced today it would run a Quest 2 Super Bowl ad.

Meta Q4 Earnings Report

Source: Meta (Image credit: Source: Meta)

During the earnings call, Mark Zuckerberg said that the Oculus Store had generated $1 billion in revenue — though it wasn't clear if that was during 2021 or overall. Regardless, it confirms prior evidence that the Quest Store has been extremely profitable for developers, even if it isn't for Meta.

Zuckerberg also mentioned that they were "working towards release of a higher-end virtual reality headset later this year." This most likely refers to the Quest Pro, codenamed Project Cambria, a headset with revamped lenses, cameras for eye tracking and improved passthrough, redesigned controllers, and other upgrades.

He also mentioned their work on Project Nazare, Meta's AR glasses prototype, as well as their work on building "foundational hardware and software" for the Metaverse. He specifically said that the Metaverse will be accessible in "non-VR formats."

Metaverse Home Press Image

Source: Meta (Image credit: Source: Meta)

Outside of VR/AR losses, Meta's app- and ad-based revenue fell short of expected targets, which CNBC reports has led to a 20% dip in stock prices.

In its report and during the earnings call, Meta put much of the blame on Apple's shoulders. Its new iOS restrictions that allow users to opt out of providing data to apps have wreaked havoc on Meta. An executive on the call said that the "accuracy of our ads has decreased" and that determining the outcome of ad clicks has gotten harder as a result of these changes. During the Q&A, Meta attacked Apple for taking ad money from Google while leaving these policies in place for other companies.

Otherwise, Meta blamed its lower earnings on its pivot to compete with TikTok. It has pushed its new Instagram Reels as a way to appeal to a younger demographic, but these videos don't offer much monetizing opportunity compared to previous Facebook videos. As a result, Meta will likely continue to see reduced growth in the short term in order to build long-term support with Gen Z.

Michael L Hicks
Senior Editor, VR/AR and fitness

Michael spent years freelancing on every tech topic under the sun before settling down on the real exciting stuff: virtual reality, fitness wearables, gaming, and how tech intersects with our world. He's a semi-reformed Apple-to-Android user who loves running, D&D, and Star Wars. Find him on Twitter at @Michael_L_Hicks.

2 Comments
  • Meta losing anything gives me warm and fuzzies.
  • It's investments, though. They're ploughing massive amounts of money into technology that makes leaks of what competitors are working on look painfully outdated.
    I'm not a Facebook fan. I will be closing my account the day the Quest won't need it as login. But I don't see anyone doing much to compete with what the Quest is offering. HTC is stuck in their thinking that people wants to pay over a thousand bucks for a headset that also requires gear placed all over your house to work, Microsoft and Google does what they usually do; release half baked ideas and let them die slowly.